You are a network architect for a service provider and want to offer Layer 2 services to your customers You want to use EVPN for Layer 2 services in your existing MPLS network.
Which two statements are correct in this scenario? (Choose two.)
EVPN is a technology that connects L2 network segments separated by an L3 network using a virtual Layer 2 network overlay over the Layer 3 network. EVPN uses BGP as its control protocol to exchange different types of routes for different purposes. Type 2 routes are used to advertise MAC address and IP address pairs learned using ARP snooping from the local CE devices. Type 3 routes are used to join a multicast tree to flood traffic such as broadcast, unknown unicast, and multicast (BUM) traffic.
You are attempting to summarize routes from the 203.0.113.128/25 IP block on R8 to AS 64500. You implement the export policy shown in the exhibit and all routes from the routing table stop being advertised.
In this scenario, which two steps would you take to summarize the route in BGP? (Choose two.)
To summarize routes from the 203.0.113.128/25 IP block on R8 to AS 64500, you need to do the following:
You want to implement the BGP Generalized TTL Security Mechanism (GTSM) on the network
Which three statements are correct in this scenario? (Choose three)
BGP GTSM is a technique that protects a BGP session by comparing the TTL value in the IP header of incoming BGP packets against a valid TTL range. If the TTL value is within the valid TTL range, the packet is accepted. If not, the packet is discarded. The valid TTL range is from 255 – the configured hop count + 1 to 255. When GTSM is configured, the BGP packets sent by the device have a TTL of 255. GTSM provides best protection for directly connected EBGP sessions, but not for multihop EBGP or IBGP sessions because the TTL of packets might be modified by intermediate devices.
In the exhibit, we can see that R2, R3, and R4 are in the same AS (AS 20) and R1 is in a different AS (AS 10). Based on this information, we can infer the following statements:
CE-1 must advertise ten subnets to PE-1 using BGP Once CE-1 starts advertising the subnets to PE-1, the BGP peering state changes to Active.
Referring to the CLI output shown in the exhibit, which statement is correct?
The problem in this scenario is that CE-1 is configured with an incorrect peer AS number for its BGP session with PE-1. The CLI output shows that CE-1 is using AS 65531 as its local AS number and AS 65530 as its peer AS number. However, PE-1 is using AS 65530 as its local AS number and AS 65531 as its peer AS number. This causes a mismatch in the BGP OPEN messages and prevents the BGP session from being established. To solve this problem, CE-1 should configure its peer AS number as 65530 under [edit protocols bgp group external] hierarchy level.